Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge  

  • Size: 3.7 million acres
  • Established: 1980 Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act

Only one place in North America has a glacier with an active volcano vent right in the middle of it – on gigantic Mt. Veniaminoff in the Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge. With a crater more than six miles in diameter, it’s just one of several active volcanoes in this steep, long, narrow Refuge at the north end of the Aleutian Chain.

The salmon that flood the area’s numerous short rivers are a convenient protein source for both bears and humans. Five Native villages rely on the bounty of the region’s waters, and the salmon drew some of  Alaska’s earliest packing canneries.

While bears look for dinner along river banks in the Refuge, thousands of caribou graze on the treeless upland tundra. Since the early 1950s, the Refuge has seen moose move in, coming steadily southward from more wooded areas.

Ugashik Lakes are famous for fishing, but the Refuge is a long flight from Alaska’s main visitor routes, so there’s plenty of elbow room on the shorelines for the adventurous angler.

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